SӪ@ۤBʮɡA|^IJӲͼApbJ@RAӯC̡ARA
٤ƾ(Lubricants)CƾH۪A Pӥi|jJ
1.Twƾ(solid lubricants)C
2.ƾ(gaseous lubricants)C
3.bTw⾯(semi-solid lubricants)C
4.Gƾ(liquid lubricants)C
TƾDnoΤGໆΡCƾŮΪo㑆ΡCbTƾDnOƯסC
GƾOGAƪoCƪoœOoPK[CӲK[Dn\OΨɰѤ\C
DnqoΦXoCqoOѭo(crude oils)һsXӡASHoœSʤ
PӰϤVLo(paraffinic base oils)JLo(naphthenic base oils)Ce̬OѥVLo
(paraffinic base oils)SʬO@H׫ӋAb95kAIOyI@Auɥͦwu(hard carbon) A
JLoOJLo(naphthenic crude oils)һsXӡALSIOyI(pour point)CΥͦnu
(soft carbon)ιK[׸nAIOH׫ӋCAb50-60kC
XoOϥΥۤƭƸgѦXsyXӤXưoADn]AEmo(poly-alpha-olefin,̔PAO)
BUo(diester oils)Bho(polyol ester oils)BCo(phosphate ester oils)Ϊo(silicone oils) C
Xoʯ঳UCuIJ
  1.CHפΧCo
a.CH׬٪oA٪oְʤOaʡC
b.q`H׶VCAoʶV@AXoCoʰEoӥ~AèϱƮìV֡C
cpo@ANHפWɡAơAYuoɶC
  2.@׹XL@H׫ӋC
H׫Ӌ@ɪܺҫ@A@H׫ӋoūܤƫܤjɡAoHܤƤjAHTwAbū@
ɡAoHפ|ܱoAHֿilηƪoӶqCūקCɡAoHפ|ܱoܸYACoHY
OAthXLA]ΤTwʡC]o~ͦתdU֡AƪoϥPRUC
  3.}nCHׯS
1.ѤPHרѺtXAƪoHױοil@
2.@H׫ӋѼƻݨD
3.Ѩ}nCŬy
4.ѹK[ιod
5.Ѵ]ANoαūק@
6.ѧܻGkΨ׻k\
7.㦳ǰeʤO@
8.㦳_\
9.㦳ʎt\
10.㦳R~ê\
11.㦳]\
ӋRXoPqʰoSʤJ
S
Mineral oil
PAO
Diester oils
Polyol ester oils
Phosphate Ester oils
Polyglycol
Silicone oils
Viscosity Index,VI
Fair
Good
Very good
Good
Poor
Good
Excellent
LowTemp Fluidity
Poor
Good
Good
Good
Good
Good
Good
Oxidation Stability, With Inhibitors
Fair
Very good
Good
Excellent
Fair
Fair
Good

Compatibility With Mineral oil

Excellent
Excellent
Good
Fair
Fair
Poor
Poor
Hydrolytic stability
Excellent
Excellent
Fair
Fair
Fair
Very good
Good
Anti-rust Properties With Inhibitors
Excellent
Excellent
Fair
Fair
Fair
Very good
Good
Lubricating properties
Good
Good
Very good
Very good
Excellent
Good
Poor
Compatibility With Buna-rubber
Good
Excellent
Poor
Poor
Poor
Good
Good
Additive Solubility
Excellent
Fair/good
Excellent
Excellent
Excellent
Good
Poor
Low volatility
Fair
Excellent
Excellent
Excellent
Excellent
Fair
Poor
Efect on paints
None
None
Slight
Moderate
Considerable
Moderate
Slight
]@^ PAOXo
PAOOpoly-\-olefins̔١COѤAmgѹEXRs1-deceneCMAgѻEXβBƦӻsC
pPDžqʼưoۤAPAO㦳@a׫ӋA}n@BCHׯSʡA}nCŬyS
u]ATwʡC
1. @a׫ӋȤuI
]1^ Q@Cžާ@Aϥηū׽dsC
]2^ @ŤTwʡA@H׷lpAQ@}OKXC
]3^ CiӤθ@Uo`نΦnBC
2. PAOCyIApb-40JCŤUAPAOබyʡAqʰo~wTơALkyʡC
3. PAOb@ŮɤoʧCA]oʤȻPoӦj}YAӥBPO}C
4. }n]TwʡA]uPJC
5. }nTwʡCܮƩʷUnAo~ͦodU֡Ao~ϥPR]UAoOPAOqʰouI@C
6. RΪoܦnۮeʡAPAOHΧCrʡC
]G^ EXoJOѦEĩMJg୤ƤRӱoEୡC
1. UXoJ
uIO㦳CyIAp-40J-50JU}nyʩʡAPɤ]㦳@H׫ӋCR観@ȩʡC
2.J
uIOKyA`ΩŝEoHNqʪoơC
3. Trime Ilitate ester
uIO㦳@HסA}n]TwʤΧCoʡCPɲͳnuR?CƦX`ά_ŝEƤΡC
4. hƦX
uI]PpUoAUo]Tw@ApHۦPHרӤAho]Twʬ@X40-50JC
]T^ CXo
ƦXDnSʬOʡC]㦳@ۤIA{I@ۿUIA]ۿUD`xAPɿUN]CAiHۧ
\CQΩ󨾤GoCCGΨLt@ݲͻGkAMӭn`NO]Τ
|ͻĩʪAĩʪ譺|ɤλɦXͻGkCʪΤH|ͬrƮRA֝β
EAϥήɭnSOpߤΨ@C
]|^ Em[GJ(polyalkylene glycols(PAG))
1. GoJP35M]HœHGJGoCRηū׬-3065JARΨtOb3,000psiHUC
2. ٨oJPGkΧܮƾœAGJᏫboA㦳@mIACyIA}nTwʤΨϷ٨t
ZuICdUqʪoìVC
]^ oΪį(Silicone oil and silicate ester)
1. S󪺻GkʡA˩ʤάrʡC
2. @ܿgʡC
3. }nʎtơC
4. o]ʥFʦӵLkΦzΤƎlTA]bɼƱUAoLƪoƩʧCC
5. @]ήƩʤΤTwʡC㦳JλGkʡA󭫭nOHrʷCC

鿴͸ͼ>Ois>ƪo